Skip to main content

Depth First Search Implementation in Graph

Depth First Search Implementation in Graph



--Graph

//This is a class to define the vertex in a graph

public class Vertex {

  char label;
  boolean visited;
  
   public Vertex(char label){
    this.label=label;
    this.visited=false;
   }

package Graph;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;


// this class is abstract because we won't allow you make instance of it , it is of no use until not extended
abstract public class GraphBase {
 
 //declaring instance of vertex
 Vertex vertex;
 //declaring an array of vertex to hold all the vertex
 static Vertex[] vertexlist=new Vertex[10];
 //declaring edgelist to hold all edges key is vertex value is neighbouring vertex
 static HashMap<Character,ArrayList<Character>> edgelist=new HashMap<>();
 //count of vertex and edge
 static int vertexcount=0;
 int edgecount=0;
 
 /*
  * This function takes a label and insert in the vertex list as well as edge list since it is new vertex it will add
  * null to its adjoining vertices
  */
 int addVertex(char label)
 {
  vertex=new Vertex(label);
  vertexlist[vertexcount]=vertex;
  System.out.println(vertexlist[vertexcount].label);
  edgelist.put(vertex.label, null);
  vertexcount++;
  return vertexcount;
 }

 /*
  * in the same edgelist we add the vertices that are now in connection by simply updating value for a key
  */
 int addEdge(char v1,char[] v2)
 {
  ArrayList<Character> vertextoadd=new ArrayList<>();
  for(int i=0;i<v2.length;i++)
  {
   edgecount++;
  vertextoadd.add(v2[i]);
  }
  edgelist.put(v1, vertextoadd);
  
  
  return edgecount;
 }
 
 //A function that returns neighbour vertices for a given vertex
 
 ArrayList getNeighbours(char vertex)
 {
  return edgelist.get(vertex);
 }
 
 
 void listOfVertex()
 {
  System.out.println("Total Vertex:"+ vertexcount);
  
  //This is how we traverse over a hashmap
  for(Object key:edgelist.keySet())
  {
   System.out.println(key+" " +edgelist.get(key));
  }
  
 }
}

package Graph;

import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Stack;

public class GraphSearch extends GraphBase {
 
 /*Depth First Search 
  * Basically it works on the concept of stack we take vertex from it serach its neighbour and do the same till no vertex left
 *
 *1. Push first element in stack
 *2. Search for its neigbour and add them in stack and pop the vertex
 *3. do same for rest of the vertices until there is no vertex left in a stack
 *
 */
 void searchDFS()
 { 
 Stack<Character> stack=new Stack<>();
 
 stack.push(vertexlist[0].label);
 
 while(!stack.isEmpty())
 {
  System.out.println("traverse"+stack.peek());
  ArrayList adjvertex=getNeighbours(stack.peek());
  stack.pop();
  if(adjvertex!=null)
  {
  for(int i=adjvertex.size()-1;i>=0;i--)
  {
   stack.push((Character) adjvertex.get(i));
  }
  }
 }
 
 
 
 }

}

package Graph;

import java.util.Map.Entry;

public class GraphImpl extends GraphBase {

 public static void main(String[] args)
 {
  GraphImpl graph=new GraphImpl();
  //Adding vertices
  graph.addVertex('A');
  graph.addVertex('B');
  graph.addVertex('C');
  graph.addVertex('D');
  graph.addVertex('E');
  graph.addVertex('F');
  graph.addVertex('G');
  graph.addVertex('H');
  
  //Adding edges and this is how we initialize inline array
  graph.addEdge('A', new char[]{'B','C'});
  graph.addEdge('B', new char[]{'D','E'});
  graph.addEdge('C',new char[]{'F','G'} );
  graph.addEdge('D',new char[]{'H'} );
  graph.listOfVertex();
  
  GraphSearch search=new GraphSearch();
  search.searchDFS();
 }
}



For BFS implementation please use below link:-

breadth-first-search-implementation-in-java

Comments

.

Popular posts from this blog

Solved: com.microsoft.sqlserver.jdbc.SQLServerException: The index 1 is out of range.

This error usually comes when we try to insert data in a query where there is no index defined for it. Example :- String strQuery=“select * from location where city_id=? ”; The question mark will be the the first index if we want to insert data so if we call a function like- oPreparedStatement = oConnection.prepareStatement(strQuery); oPreparedStatement.setString(1,235); here we are sending 235 as a first parameter so it will work fine but as soon as we write something after it like oPreparedStatement.setString(2,”kanpur”) then it will throw “The index 2 is out of range” since there is no place to send this value in a query hence it will throw the same error. Here index defines the parameter for which there is no place in the query. To rectify this we need to write query like- String strQuery=“select * from location where city_id=? And city_name=? ”; then it will work fine. The cases in which these errors can occur is- 1)Query is co

Nth Node from End in LinkedList

Nth Node from End in LinkedList 1)  Find length of  linked list. 2) Traverse (length-position+1) element from begin. //nth Node from end public Node nodeFromEnd ( Node head , int position ){ Node temp = head ; int length = 1 ; while ( temp . next != null ) { length ++; temp = temp . next ; } System . out . println ( "length" + length ); temp = head ; int c = 1 ; while ( c !=( length - position + 1 )) { temp = temp . next ; c ++; } return temp ; }